Feast of St Francis of Assisi
The Feast of Saint Francis of Assisi is observed on October 4. A secondary feast in honor of the stigmata received by St. Francis, celebrated on September 17, was inserted in the General Roman Calendar in 1585 (later than the Tridentine Calendar) and suppressed in 1604, but was restored in 1615. In the New Roman Missal of 1969, it was removed again from the General Calendar, as something of a duplication of the main feast on October 4, and left to the calendars of certain localities and of the Franciscan Order. Wherever the traditional Roman Missal is used, however, the feast of the Stigmata remains in the General Calendar.
On July 16, 1228, he was proclaimed a saint by Pope Gregory IX. On June 18, 1939, Pope Pius XII named Francis a joint Patron Saint of Italy along with Saint Catherine of Siena with the apostolic letter “Licet Commissa”. He is known as the patron saint of animals and the environment. It is customary for Catholic and Anglican churches to hold ceremonies blessing animals on his feast day of October 4. He is also known for his love of the Eucharist, his sorrow during the Stations of the Cross, and for the creation of the Christmas crèche or Nativity Scene.
St. Francis is honored in the Church of England, the Anglican Church of Canada, the Episcopal Church USA, the Old Catholic Churches, the Evangelical Lutheran Church in America, and other churches and religious communities on October 4. The Evangelical Church in Germany, however, commemorates St. Francis’ feast day on his death day, October 3.
Wikipedia contributors, “Francis of Assisi,” Wikipedia, The Free Encyclopedia, (accessed October 3, 2014).
“Cigoli, san francesco” by Cigoli – Web Gallery of Art: Image Info about artwork. Licensed under Public domain via Wikimedia Commons
“Master of the bardi saint francis . St. Francis and scenes from his life 13 cent Santa croce” by Master of San Francesco Bardi – wikimedia. Licensed under Public domain via Wikimedia Commons